Nginx vs apache stack overflow

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DigitalOcean Meetups Find and meet other developers in your city. Become an author. Apache and Nginx are the two most common open source web servers in the world. Both solutions are capable of handling diverse workloads and working with other software to provide a complete web stack. While Apache and Nginx share many qualities, they should not be thought of as entirely interchangeable.

Each excels in its own way and it is important to understand the situations where you may need to reevaluate your web server of choice. This article will be devoted to a discussion of how each server stacks up in various areas.

The Apache web server has been the most popular server on the internet since Because of this popularity, Apache benefits from great documentation and integrated support from other software projects.

Apache is often chosen by administrators for its flexibility, power, and widespread support. It is extensible through a dynamically loadable module system and can process a large number of interpreted languages without connecting out to separate software.

InIgor Sysoev began work on Nginx as an answer to the C10K problem, which was a challenge for web servers to begin handling ten thousand concurrent connections as a requirement for the modern web. The initial public release was made inmeeting this goal by relying on an asynchronous, events-driven architecture. Nginx has grown in popularity since its release due to its light-weight resource utilization and its ability to scale easily on minimal hardware.

Nginx excels at serving static content quickly and is designed to pass dynamic requests off to other software that is better suited for those purposes. Nginx is often selected by administrators for its resource efficiency and responsiveness under load.

One big difference between Apache and Nginx is the actual way that they handle connections and traffic.

This provides perhaps the most significant difference in the way that they respond to different traffic conditions. Apache provides a variety of multi-processing modules Apache calls these MPMs that dictate how client requests are handled. Basically, this allows administrators to swap out its connection handling architecture easily.Though, even most experienced programmer may find it difficult to choose a right web server for a project. That is why we decided to bring light to this topic and talk about the difference between Nginx and Apache.

We will give you a full overview of both web servers, and tell you everything you need to know about Nginx vs Apache dynamic, static, operating system support, flexibility, security and documentation. In the addition we will share with you a secret how to use Nginx and Apache together. Are you ready to explore? Web server architecture research started because of large number of concurrent request and C10k problem.

It means when your clients request your website at the same time, your website may face scalability problem.

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That is why we decided to devote this article Nginx and Apache, and the difference between these two web servers. Generally speaking, Nginx is a web server that was created as a solution to the C10K problem. So, Nginx made it possible to handle 10, simultaneous clients connections on the same server. Though, Nginx prefers to deal with high traffic and focus on scalability and performance.

nginx vs apache stack overflow

Unlike Apache, where the page load speed can decrease with number of visitors, Nginx can provide predictable and consistent performance. Furthermore, Nginx can deal with four times more requests per second. Apache is free open-source cross-platform web server software, as well as Nginx.

Though, unlike Nginx, Apache was developed and maintained not by one person, but it was created by open community of developers. The main advantage of Apache is its convenience and popularity. According to the statistics inApache was the first web server software to serve about million websites. This tribe had superior skills in warfare and strategy. Brian put this name on a page and when the project was started, he asked people if it was a good name for a company.

There are three main Apache Multi-Processing-Modules we would like to mention in this article.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service.

Server Fault is a question and answer site for system and network administrators. It only takes a minute to sign up. Heard that nginx performance is quite impressive, but Apache has more docs, community read:expert to get help. Now what I want to know, how both web servers compare in term of performance, easiness of config, level of customization,etc. I'm still weighing between the two for a ruby web app not ROR served with thin one of ruby web server.

Specific answer will be much appreciated.

nginx vs apache stack overflow

General answer not touching the ruby part is okay. I'm still noob in web server administration. I wanted to put this in a comment since I agree with the most important point of webdestroyas answer, but it got a bit too long. For this reason alone you'll want Nginx as its memory footprint is smaller than Apaches.

Easiness of Config: Nginx is not more difficult than Apache. It's different. If you're used to Apache then change will always be more difficult, this does not mean that the configuration style itself is more difficult. I migrated completely from Apache to Nginx over a year ago and today I would struggle to configure an Apache server whereas I find Nginx extremely easy to configure. For Ruby: Nginx has Passenger, however, I usually see it described as the inferior method to connect to Ruby.

I am not a Ruby programmer so I cannot verify this but I often see Unicorn and Thin mentioned as better alternatives. In Conclusion: Nginx was made to be a reverse proxy. Since then fastcgi, load balancing and various other features has been added, but it's initial design purpose was to serve static files and reverse proxy. And it does this really well. Apache, on the contrary is a general purpose web server. I have no doubt that it can reverse proxy perfectly fine, but it was not designed to have a minimal memory footprint and as a result it requires more resources than Nginx does, which means my initial VPS environment argument comes into play.

nginx vs apache stack overflow

Performance: NGinX. This server is known to be one of the best performing web servers, and is used by many different companies Notable, MediaTemple.

Easiness of Config: Apache. Apache's config is really simple, and really powerful. Nginx is powerful, but can be very hard to understand, as it seems more like a programming language than a config file. Level of Customization: Apache. Apache has tons of mods and other plugins written for it. While Nginx still has plugins made for it, I think that Apache has many many more than Nginx does.

Nginx is event-based, while apache is process-based. Under high load, this makes all the difference in the world Apache has to fork or start a new thread for each connection, while nginx doesn't. This difference shows up mainly in memory usage, but also in user response time and other performance metrics.Apache uses a process-driven approach and creates a new thread for each request. Today, it is a lot more than just a webserver! Both Apache and Nginx are the most common web server for Linux.

While Apache and Nginx share many qualities, they are different in many areas. Each excels in its own way and has its own uses and scenarios. We have also mentioned the winner of each point of comparison at the end of each point.

When it comes to Apache vs Nginx, the fundamental difference lies in their design architecture. It means they differ in the actual way they handle connections and traffic and respond to different traffic conditions. Apache follows a multi-threaded approach. It provides a variety of multiple processing modules. These pre-modules are basically of three types of request handling algorithm. Each is meant for different server-needs. The MPMs Multi-Processing Modules provides a flexible architecture for choosing different connections and different handling algorithms.

Old school Apache 2. Whereas Apache 2. By default, Apache 2. It responds to a set number of processes, each of which can serve a single request at a time. Thread: A thread is the smallest sequence of programmed instructions that can be managed independently by a scheduler. In most cases, a thread is a component of a process.

It was designed to use a non-blocking event-driven connection handling algorithm. Thus, its process can handle thousands of connection requests within one processing thread. Such connections process modules allow Nginx to work very fast and wide with limited resources.

Furthermore, you can use Nginx on low power systems, and with the systems that operate under heavy loads. Taking about Apache vs Nginx, both of the web servers process static and dynamic contents differently. Static content or files are typically files stored on disk on the server computer, for example, CSS files, JavaScripts files or images. Apache handles static content using its conventional file-based method. It performs 2.

Nginx serves the static resources without PHP having to know about this. On the other hand, Apache handles all those requests with that costly overhead. This makes Nginx more effective and less demanding on the system resources. This small image shows the no. Nginx clearly surpasses Apache here! Apache can process dynamic content within the web server itself without having to rely on any external components. So, it can handle your creeds itself. Talking about Apache vs Nginx Performance: Nginx, if not better, is almost equal when dynamic content processing is considered.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service.

Webmasters Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for pro webmasters. It only takes a minute to sign up. So far, I'm running Apache. I don't know it particularly well, but I can get by with editing httpd.

I've heard good things about Nginx and that it's not as resource-hungry as Apache. I'd like to give it a go, but I can't find any information about its suitability for administrators like me, with little experience of sysadmin or web server config.

Webmin now has support for Nginx, so getting it installed and running probably won't be too much of a problem. What I'm wondering is, from a site administrator perspective, is running Nginx as transparent as running Apache? IE, at the moment, I can just throw up Wordpress and Drupal sites without having much to worry about or having to make any config changes to Apache.

Would Nginx be as transparent? I've been using Apache for the last several years, because it is easy to use and configure, runs smoothly over vast networks, and has many available modules to perform various tasks.

Apache is process-based, and nginx is event-based. This means, it doesn't need to create a new thread for each thing it has to process. Keeping it short, I think you're best off if things work properly sticking with Apache. You can always set up a second server with Nginx and slowly migrate the site s and services over. The only thing I ever use Nginx for is creating reverse proxies to route Apache-served content from local servers to the outside world.

Rather than create an unmanageable number of threads like Apache tends to, it drops the requests.

NGINX vs. Apache: A 2018 Comparison

Overall, it really depends what kind of traffic you're getting on your server, and if it would help at all to make the switch. I used lighttpd for a year and love the simplicity of the configuration files. It runs very light and does not require a separate service php-fpm like nginx. However due to my curiosity I have recently changed to nginx and the config syntax is much like perl.

From there you can expand your configuration. One of the great things I've noticed with nginx is the reverse proxy capabilities. Reverse proxy on nginx is powerful.

Lighttpd also had reverse proxy capability and it is still a great web server, but nginx is updated much more frequently and lighttpd is sort of losing it's prime. I reccomend nginx for the low memory footprint and ease of configuration comparing it to apache.

Apache is great don't get me wrong but I think when it comes down to it use what you feel comfortable with. Apache is powerful but seems "slow" to me as starting the service and difficult to manage vhosts. I just started using Nginx and consider it easier to set up than apache.

Apache Vs NGINX – Which Is The Best Web Server for You?

I'm with you, pretty inexperienced with setting up web servers, but have done a few for my own business. Fire up an Amazon EC2 instance and try it out for yourself.

Google got me the answers I needed pretty quickly. It was far easier to set up virtual hosting in nginx than Apache, imho.

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The dark mode beta is finally here. Change your preferences any time. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. I have been running a website which servers javascript widgets for about 2 years. Now my question is whether I should use nginx purely or I should continue using apache with nginx.

I have about sign ups a day and that means that sometimes the request rate for widget goes up by a day. So, now the problem is switching to nginx means that i would not be able to use the rewrite rules that i am using in apache. Now that is one problem I know of, but are there any other issues that I can expect to see in an nginx environment that I dont in Apache?

You could still use the rewrite rules from Apache, with slight modifications I took this from Nginx Primer :.

Another issue is. I would also research any Apache modules that your relying on and ensure that the Nginx equivalents include the same functionality. Definitely test your webapp with Nginx in a test environment first to identify any issues.

In the end, if your goal is better performance then the migration from Apache to Nginx should be worth it. Learn more. Nginx vs Apache or using Apache with nginx [closed] Ask Question.

Asked 8 years, 8 months ago. Active 6 years, 5 months ago. Viewed 6k times. Would you suggest me to switch purely to nginx or stay with apache and nginx as reverse proxy? Anush Anush 1 1 gold badge 10 10 silver badges 26 26 bronze badges.

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Software Engineering Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for professionals, academics, and students working within the systems development life cycle. It only takes a minute to sign up. Folks who took this decision left and most of the team is new. So what are the other good reason to use Nginx in front of apache in general apart from caching and load balacing reverse proxy? Sign up to join this community. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered.

Ask Question. Asked 1 year, 6 months ago. Active 1 year, 6 months ago. Viewed 62 times. Kilian Foth Have you checked what they're configured to do?

It might be just be that the devs preferred working with Nginx but had a load of legacy Apache modules that they didn't want to port so ran a passthough for those bits. Active Oldest Votes. Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. Sign up using Facebook. Sign up using Email and Password. Post as a guest Name. Email Required, but never shown.

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